Antioxidants in Mangosteen

Powerful antioxidants are found in the Mangosteen. Scientists who studied the properties of Xanthones in Mangosteen found that they "exhibited potent free-radical scavenging activity".

Xanthones help absorb free radicals and stop cellular damage that leads to many types of diseases. Scientists claim that two of the Mangosteen Xanthones, alpha-mangostin and gamma-mangostin, proved to be stronger antioxidants than others that are known for their antioxidant capabilities.

What are Antioxidants?

An antioxidant is an atom or a molecule that prevents the oxidation of other atoms or molecules. In biological systems, the normal processes of oxidation produce highly reactive free radicals.

These free radicals can readily react with and damage other atoms or molecules. In some cases, the body uses the free radicals to fight infection. But in other cases, the damage may be to the body's own cells.

Antioxidants "mop up" free radicals before they damage other essential atoms or molecules in the body. They can give or receive an extra electron.

When a free radical bumps into an antioxidant, the antioxidant gives the extra electron it has to the free radical, making the free radical's electrons complete. The free radical, having been stabilized thru this exchange, stops bumping into healthy cells.

There are many sources of antioxidants in nature, most of them from vitamins found in vegetables, nuts, fish, meat, eggs, chicken and others.

They are in great abundance in the Mangosteen fruit.

What Are Free Radicals?

Free radicals are unstable atoms or molecules with a missing electron. Their interaction with stable atoms leave otherwise healthy cells irreparably damaged because they "steal" electrons from these stable atoms. This interaction is called "oxidation".

Because of their high reactivity, free radicals can participate in unwanted side reactions that result in cell damage. Many forms of cancer are believed to be the result of reactions between free radicals and DNA, leading to mutations that can lead to malignancy.

As Gary Null, Ph.D., says in "Gary Null's Ultimate Anti-Aging Program", "... Virtually every known cancer is caused by or aided in the degeneration process by free radicals... "A cell dies when it runs down. Cancer cells, on the other hand, continually reset their clocks, allowing themselves to divide forever..."

Atherosclerosis is also attributed to free-radical induced oxidation of many of the chemicals making up the body. Free radicals also contribute to alcohol-induced liver damage, perhaps even more than alcohol itself.

Free radicals in cigarette smoke have been implicated in the deactivation of alpha 1-antitrypsin in the lung, a process that promotes the development of emphysema.

Where Do Free Radicals Come From?

In addition to being produced by our just being alive, free radicals can be found everywhere in our environment.

They're in cigarette smoke and in food, air and water pollutants. They're created by food preparation processes such as grilling fatty meat. They are produced by infection and inflammation. Any pollutant that gets into our body by any means produces free radicals.

Much of the food we eat contains free radicals. Radiation from sunlight creates free radicals. Even exercise increases free radical production! And virtually every disease does major cellular damage thru free radicals.

Even our own immune system produces free radicals to fight infections, but they also can damage healthy cells. And the chemical reactions resulting from the body's own metabolism create free radicals that pose enormous risks to healthy cells in our body.

Dr. Richard Dubois, a Center for Disease Control researcher, wrote that even "normal metabolism produces large numbers of free radicals that are the same as those produced by radiation... A typical rat cell produces 20 billion free radical molecules per day! The typical rat cell is metabolically seven times more active than a human cell, but this still means humans generate one to three billion free radicals per day per cell..."

The long and short of it? Free radicals can't be avoided.

Antioxidant and Free Radicals Research

At the Parker Laboratory at the University of California in Berkeley, Dr. Lester Parker - one of the world's foremost antioxidant research scientists - has conducted large numbers of animal experiments demonstrating the damage free radicals can do.

In one experiment, a chemical that blocks the production of glutathione - one of the most important antioxidants produced by the body - was administered to a group of baby rats. When the glutathione-deprived rats opened their eyes at six weeks, they were all blind due to cataracts.

Dr. Parker repeated the experiment. But this time, he fed a single powerful antioxidant to the rats. When this group of rats opened their eyes, almost all of them were cataract-free even if they had been deprived of the body's most plentiful antioxidant, glutathione.

Free radicals damaged the proteins in the lens of the rats' eyes. They caused cataracts through a process called "cross-linking", the same free-radical mechanism which causes cataracts in humans.

Antioxidants in Mangosteen

Antioxidants, like the Xanthones found in the Mangosteen, prevent mutation and the activation of cancer genes. It's worth noting that the ability to perform these protective functions is not found in commonly prescribed cancer medicines.

The Xanthones help the body absorb free radicals and stop cellular damage that leads to many types of diseases.

Scientists demonstrated that alpha-mangostin and gamma-mangostin, two Xanthones found in the Mangosteen, are stronger antioxidants than others known for their antioxidant capabilities. Gamma-mangostin, for example, was shown to have more potent antioxidant activity than even vitamin E, one of nature's most potent antioxidants.

There are other powerful antioxidants in this amazing fruit. Catechins were discovered to be five times more potent than vitamin C. The Quinones in the Mangosteen, known for their anti-bacterial properties, are also strong oxidants.

Stilbenes, known to posses potent anti-fungal properties, also are strong antioxidants. And polyphenols were found to be far more more potent as antioxidants than vitamin E.

The presence of all these antioxidants in Mangosteen makes it a very potent immune-system booster that promotes good health and wellness.

See also:

Mangosteen Research
Mangosteen, Xanthones and the antioxidants in this amazing fruit have more independent research studies than any other botanical in history.